Treating Gum Disease With Oral Surgery
Gum disease causes inflammation, gum recession and bone loss. In many cases, oral surgery is the only option to fight these devastating symptoms. Learn about three common surgical options to treat gum disease and how they can help improve the health of your mouth.
Flap surgery is a procedure to reach plaque, tartar and bacteria that has developed deep under the gum line due to pockets between your teeth and gums. Your dentist starts by pulling the gums away from the teeth to clean and reshape them. At the end, your gums are repositioned flush against your teeth, eliminating the pockets.
Why Consider Flap Surgery?
- Flap surgery allows your dentist to clean your tooth roots more thoroughly than scaling and root planing.
- Eliminating the bacteria and tartar reduces swelling, inflammation and redness.
- Repositioning the gums prevents more tartar from reaching your tooth roots.
- Smoothing the tooth means there are less places tartar and plaque can grow.
What Risks Are Associated with Flap Surgery?
- Your tooth roots may become more sensitive to hot and cold.
- Bacteria from your gums may enter the bloodstream and cause an infection.
- Your gums may also develop an infection after surgery.
A tissue graft, also known as a gum graft, is surgery to treat exposed tooth roots due to receding gums. Tissue is taken from the roof of your mouth and placed over the exposed roots. As the tissue heals, it promotes healthy gum growth that naturally covers your exposed roots.
Why Consider Tissue Grafts?
- Tissue grafts protect gum roots and reduce the risk of root decay and tooth loss.
- Tissue grafts improve the look of your smile by making your teeth look shorter and more natural.
- Covering the tooth roots reduces sensitivity to hot and cold food/beverages.
What Risks Are Associated With Tissue Grafts?
- After the procedure, your gum line may be uneven.
- There is a small chance the graft could fail.
- Just like any surgical procedure, there is a risk of infection, bleeding and swelling.
A bone graft is used to help recreate bone structure that has been lost due to advanced gum disease. During the surgery, your gums are separated from your teeth. The area is cleaned, and then the dentist places pieces of your own bone, cadaver bone, cow bone or synthetic glass in the bone defects.
Why Consider a Bone Grafts?
- A bone graft promotes natural bone growth.
- A healthy jaw bone decreases the risk of tooth loss.
What Risks Are Associated With Bone Grafts?
- A small amount of bone grafts are not successful.
- The procedure increases the risk of gum recession.
- There is a risk of swelling, bleeding and infection after the procedure.
If you suffer from advanced gum disease, it’s time to start considering surgical treatment to protect your mouth. Contact your dentist today to schedule an appointment, and find out which surgical procedure is right for you.
Contact an expert clinic such as The Oral & Facial Surgery Center for more information.